Pre-Islamic Arabia There is evidence that human habitation in the Arabian Peninsula dates back to aboutyears ago. Arabia underwent an extreme environmental fluctuation in the Quaternary that lead to profound evolutionary and demographic changes.
Sharia or Islamic lawthe primary source of law in modern Saudi Arabia,  was developed gradually by Muslim judges and scholars between the seventh and tenth centuries. HanbaliMalikiShafi and Hanafi.
The primary source of law in Saudi Arabia is the Islamic Sharia. Unlike other Muslim countries, Saudi Arabia regards uncodified Sharia in its entirety as the law of the land and does not interfere with it. The main complaint reportedly made by Saudis privately is that judges, who have wide discretion in interpreting the Sharia, have no knowledge, and are often contemptuous, of the modern world.
Saudi judges come from a narrow recruitment pool. The chief justice of the Supreme Court will also be a member. Mabahith The Department of Public Safety is the official name of the regular police force and handles most day-to-day police activities.
Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice Saudi Arabia The religious police, mutawa is the name used for individual religious police, the "Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice" is the name of the police organization enforce Islamic codes of behavior.
Monarchy is the system of rule in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Rulers of the country shall be from amongst the sons of the founder King Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman Al-Faisal Al-Saudand their descendants.
Governance in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is based on justice, shura consultation and equality according to Islamic Sharia. Its courts observe few formalities. Known locally as "Chop-chop square", it is the location of public beheadings. The residue is divided between agnatic heirs. Contract Law of Saudi Arabia Business and commerce are governed by Sharia,  commercial jurisdiction rests with the Board of Grievances composed of Sharia-trained judges,  but "Special Tribunals" tasked with "finding ways to circumnavigate the more restrictive aspects of Shariah Law" have been established.
However, illegally copied material is still widely available. All natural resources that God has deposited underground, above ground, in territorial waters or within the land and sea domains under the authority of the State, together with revenues of these resources, shall be the property of the State, as provided by the Law.
The Law shall specify means for exploitation, protection and development of these resources in the best interest of the State, and its security and economy. Human rights in Saudi Arabia Human rights issues and failings in the rule of law in Saudi Arabia have attracted strong criticism.
Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.The United Nations Commission on Human Rights in resolution /45, adopted on 4 March , decided to appoint a Special Rapporteur on violence against women, including its causes and consequences.
The mandate was extended by the Commission on Human Rights in . A Brief Overview of the Saudi Arabian Legal System.
By Dr. Abdullah F. Ansary *. Dr. Abdullah Ansary received his B.A. in Islamic legal studies in from King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. In he received his M.A.
in Islamic Shari'ah with Honors from Umm al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from webkandii.com The Countries & People of Arabia. One page of comprehensive and categorised listing of sites in and about Arab Countries in Africa & the Middle East.
The Basic Law of Saudi Arabia does not guarantee gender equality.  Article 8 requires that the government be premised on equality in accordance with Sharia law, but under Sharia law, women are considered to be legal minors, under the control of their mahram.
 Saudi Arabia ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in , but. The deepest differences between Muslims and Westerners concern not politics but sexuality. Each side has a long history of looking at the other's sexual mores with a mixture of astonishment and disgust.